CHARACTERISTICS/ATTRIBUTES OF AUTISM

Both tantrums and meltdowns are outbursts. However, a tantrum has purpose. Once an individual gets what he wants, the tantrum will likely subside. Meltdowns are not your typical tantrums. They can start and end without warning or provocation. A meltdown is a reaction to something and is usually beyond an individual’s control. There is no reasoning with an individual on the ASD. A meltdown may not stop when the individual gets what he wants

4 points

Read the following scenarios and choose the correct answer:

Your 18-month-old is happily stacking blocks. Suddenly, the blocks fall over, and he begins to wail and flail. What? He was happy 4 seconds ago. You help him stack the blocks and the world is now a better place.

4 points

You've taken your 2-year-old with you shopping. You've been out for a few hours now, and the crankiness has been increasing over the past hour. The lights and smells are starting to take a toll on her. She grabs her sippy, but it's empty, so she hurls it to the floor and begins to cry. Hard. You're already noticing "the looks" from the other shoppers.

4 points

You’ve taken your 6 year-old to the barbershop to get his first haircut. He’s sitting in the chair and begins to get fidgety. The sound of the clippers and the hair falling on his neck has now caused him to lose it! You remove him from the chair and take him out of the shop. He continues to throw a fit on the drive home.

4 points

Repetitive and restricted behavior is common symptoms of autism. They can range from repetitive movements with objects, repeated body movements such as rocking and hand-flapping, ritualistic behavior, sensory sensitivities and limited interests. These behaviors are believed to relieve anxiety in individuals with autism. These behaviors are known as “stimming”. Stim is short for self-stimulation. When the stimming interferes with socialization, everyday activities and prevents learning, it is often a symptom of autism.

19 year old Sammy gets overwhelmed, angry and upset sometimes. During those times he needs to let it out. He feels antsy when he’s overstimulated, so he moves around and lets out some noise. It’s how he copes. It calms him down. His most common actions are humming loudly to himself with his ears covered or bouncing his leg. Oftentimes, he doesn’t realize he’s bouncing his leg.

4 points

Autistic people have difficulty understanding or ‘reading’ other people. They also have a hard time expressing their own emotions. They can appear to be insensitive or prefer time alone when overloaded by people. Unfortunately, due largely to bullying and feelings of isolation, many adults with autism have had suicidal ideations, and they are also prone to committing it. They would often like to make friends and have the company of others, but they have difficulties making this happen. People with autism often have deep emotions, while not always understanding those feelings.

4 points
4 points